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The Magic of Ketogenesis



Colonel’s Blog, Earthdate 26 May 2023…

Hey Y’all!


Happy Fast-Jet Friday!! The pic today is the Mighty-Mighty F-15E Strike Eagle flying low in England. I love the pictures where the jet is ripping the moisture out of the humid air—Strength! We’re having another warm sunny day in the Ozarks. The pics today are beef chickens batch #2, a batch of 3 kittens (we have 4 batches of kittens), lettuce, jalapeño, tomato, and cucumber. We went out to a tiny new lamb this morning with no ewe claiming it. It was by itself with all of the others about 100 yards away. It was calling and calling with no one answering. I moved it over to the group and the same thing. I left for a half hour or so and came back to it lying by itself. It was obvious it had not eaten. So, we have bottle lamb #2 of the season. We moved it in with the other bottle lamb and her bum mom. It didn’t take the bottle well at first but after about 5 minutes, it really got the hang of it and has been eating well since. We still have a few ewes left to lamb, hopefully it goes well! All of the other animals are doing well today. We spent the morning and early afternoon clearing all of the straw out of the milk barn. We’re starting over with all fresh straw. This afternoon we sorted pork and got the freezer ready to take to the market tomorrow, to include a few special requests (chicken feet and ground pork).


I teased further discussion about ketones yesterday and Auntie Fiat primed the discussion with a comment asking what kind of ketones humans produce. I’ll repost my reply as the beginning of our ketone chat. The human liver primarily produces three types of ketones during the process of ketogenesis: acetoacetate, beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHB), and acetone. Acetoacetate is the first ketone body produced in the liver. It is formed through the breakdown of fatty acids during periods of low carbohydrate availability or when the body's insulin levels are low. Acetoacetate can be converted into two other ketone bodies: BHB and acetone. BHB is the most abundant ketone produced in the liver. It is derived from acetoacetate through a chemical reaction. BHB is an efficient fuel source that can be transported through the bloodstream and taken up by various tissues, including the brain, where it serves as an alternative energy source when glucose availability is limited. Acetone is the third ketone body produced during ketogenesis. It is a volatile compound that is formed as a byproduct of the breakdown of acetoacetate. Acetone is mostly excreted through the breath and urine. Many over-the-counter ketone tests (used to determine if you are in ketosis) indicate the presence of acetone in the breath or urine. In extended periods of ketosis, your body becomes more effective at converting acetoacetate into BHB and stops producing acetone. Thus the tests are only effective at indicating ketosis for a couple of weeks at the beginning of the journey. We used the test strips a couple of times the first week we started the keto journey, mostly as an indicator that we were producing ketones--not as a measure of how far into ketosis we were.


Typically your body burns glucose which it produces from the carbs you eat or drink (breads, sugar, pasta, potatoes, juices, sodas, fruits, etc). Extra glucose is stored either in your muscles or liver, or it is converted into fat. Your body can store somewhere around 1,500-2,000 calories of glucose in the liver and muscles. Anything over that amount is converted into fat to be stored for later use when carbohydrates aren’t available. The problem with the Standard American Diet is that that later time never happens. We are all taught that breakfast is the most important meal and we should eat before doing anything else. We’re told we must have snacks between meals, to include a sweet snack before bedtime— and all should be high carbohydrate low fat food. The result is that our bodies never need to use the stored fat because we continue to feed it carbs that it converts into glucose and our bodies burn that immediately, or store it as fat. The cycle continues until we become overweight, then obese, then morbidly obese. All the time, we are eating the way we have been taught. Enter ketones. If you fast for around 12 hours, or if you lower your carb intake (everyone is different—some require under 50 grams of carbs per day, others could require as low as 10) below what your body needs to produce glucose, your body will slowly begin to convert stored fat into ketones through ketogenesis. The ketogenic way of eating forces your body to begin that process. You eat very low carbs, moderate levels of protein, and high amounts of healthy fats (we can talk more about this later—spoiler—we’ve been told more lies). As your body begins converting fat into ketones, it opens an amazing treasure chest of energy! Remember we have somewhere between 1,500-2,000 calories stored as glucose. Let’s break down how many calories we have stored as fat. The average American male is between 18-24% body fat and the average female is between 25-34%. The average American male weighs 198 pounds and the average female is 170 pounds. Let’s take the middle of the road for body fat and say 21% for males and 30% for females. That means that the average male has just over 41 pounds of fat and the average female has 51. Converting that into calories available yields 145,600 calories for the male and 178,500 for the female. If you are in ketosis, all of that stored energy becomes available and your body begins to use it! How? By converting it into ketones. The Magic of Ketogenesis!


Local Farm Report for 25 May 2023:

Harvest:

24 Chicken eggs

10 Duck eggs

2 Goose eggs

5 1/2 Gallons of milk


Cheers!

Psycho & Shelley

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